.30-06 Springfield, springfield
.30-06 Springfield

Top 10 Battle-Proven Military Cartridges From Around the World

A rundown of 10 classic combat cartridges from years past.

.30-06 Springfield

.30-06 Springfield, springfield

.30-06 Springfield

In 1906 the U.S. Military upgraded its main rifle cartridge by switching to a long-range, high-velocity load that featured a .308-caliber, 150-grain FMJ spitzer bullet at 2,700 fps. The .30-06 was chambered in the ’03 Springfield rifle, M1 Garand, BAR, Johnson Rifle and the .30-caliber Browning Machine Gun. It was the main rifle cartridge of the U.S. military from 1906-1957. It was also used by a variety of other nations. Combining the semi-automatic Garand rifle and the ’06 cartridge gave American soldiers a significant tactical advantage in WWII.

 

7.92x57mm Mauser

7.92x57mm Mauser, 7.92x57mm Mauser ammo, cartridges

7.92x57mm Mauser

Germany’s rimless 7.92x57mm Mauser cartridge was invented in 1888, and its rimless design was incorporated into many subsequent military rifle cartridges. Also known as the “8×57 Mauser,” it propelled a 225-grain, .318-caliber, round-nosed full metal jacket (FMJ) bullet at almost 2,100 feet per second (fps). In 1905, the round was modernized by adding a long-range, 154-grain, .323-caliber, spitzer bullet at 2,890 fps. The round was changed after WWI to feature a 198-grain spitzer at 2,575 fps.

 

7.62X54R

7.62X54R, 7.62X54R ammo, 7.62X54R cartridge

7.62X54R

The 7.62x54R is a rimmed cartridge developed in Russia in 1891 for the Mosin-Nagant rifle. It is used today in sniper rifles and machine guns by Russia, China and smaller nations. The current infantry version is steel-cased and loaded with a .312-caliber, 150-grain, steel core FMJ bullet propelled at 2,715 fps. In addition to the Mosin-Nagant, it has been chambered in the Dragunov sniper rifle, Winchester’s M1895, the PK machine gun, the Vepr sporting rifle and many other firearms.

RELATED: Best New Handgun & Rifle Ammo For Fall 2014

 

.303 British

.303 British, .303 British ammo, .303 British cartridge

.303 British

The .303 British is a .311-caliber rimmed rifle cartridge that was introduced in 1888 as a blackpowder load with a 215-grain, jacketed, round-nose bullet. In 1891 black powder was discontinued in favor of smokeless cordite. The WWI Mk VII version used a 174-grain, FMJ spitzer at 2,440 fps. This bullet yawed significantly in tissue and was very effective. The now obsolete .303 was used throughout the British Commonwealth until the mid-1950s in Vickers Machine Guns.

 

7.62X39mm

7.62X39mm, 7.62X39mm ammo, 7.62X39mm cartridge

7.62X39mm

The 7.62x39mm is a rimless cartridge designed in 1943 in the Soviet Union. It was developed in response to the 7.92x33mm Kurz cartridge used in the German Sturmgewehr 44 assault rifle. The standard military version of the 7.62x39mm uses a steel case and a 123-grain, .312-caliber, FMJ steel core spitzer bullet at 2,330 fps. It is chambered in approximately 15 million SKSs and about 75 million AK-47s, as well as a number of sporting rifles.

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