The US Army Rangers is the oldest special operations force in the United States military, dating to before the American Revolution. Rogers Rangers, the forerunner of today’s Rangers, were an elite light infantry unit during the French and Indian Wars. Other units have borne the title “Rangers” over the last 250 years including Mosby’s Rangers during the Civil War and the World War II Rangers. Today’s 75th Ranger Regiment dates to 1974 when the 1st and 2nd Ranger Battalions were reactivated.
After the invasion of Grenada in 1983, Operation Urgent Fury, where the Rangers parachuted in to secure an airfield, the 3rd Ranger Battalion and the Regimental Headquarters were formed. Today’s 75th Ranger Regiment is part of USSOCOM (United States Special Operations Command). The unit is headquartered at Fort Benning, Georgia, “The Home of the Infantry.” The battalions are based as follows: 1st Battalion, 75th Rangers—Hunter Army Airfield, Georgia; 2nd Battalion, 75th Rangers – Fort Lewis, Washington; 3rd Battalion, 75th Rangers—Fort Benning, Georgia.
Each of the three Ranger Battalions consists of three rifle companies and a headquarters and headquarter’s company. Authorized battalion strength is 580 but Ranger Battalions are normally 10 to 15 percent over strength to compensate for personnel who are undergoing specialized training or on special assignments. Each rifle company has an authorized strength of 152 Rangers.